Canine Influenza

Canine influenza has been reported in Nevada. There is currently two strains of the dog flu and vaccination is available for both. Both strains are highly contagious, symptoms may or may not be visible until three days of the infection, and an animal can be infectious up to 25 days. Please view our infographic for further clarity on both H3N2 and H3N8 strains and their symptoms. 

 

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85% of pets have gum disease by the age of three.

Dental hygiene is just as important for your pets as it is for you. Not only can your loved one experience pain while chewing and bad breath, dogs and cats can experience the same diseases as humans like gingivitis, gum disease, and tooth decay. Without proper care, this bacteria can travel to the liver, kidneys, and heart through the blood stream. for more information visit our website at LMAH.net

The Truth about PitBulls

Dr. Jarred of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital explains the origins of Pit Bulls including common misconceptions of the breed. 

The breed originated in the 19th century in England by crossing English Bulldogs and other terriers known as “bull & terriers.” In the 1860’s Pit Bulls were brought the U.S.for use as family guard dogs  and for herding livestock. There are many myths and negative stereotypes surrounding the Pit Bull Breed. Much of this negative press is the result of bias media coverage, and reporting of false non-scientific data and incorrect breed identification. Often, non-pit bull type dogs (mastiffs, other terriers, etc.) are identified as “pit bulls.”

 

So what exactly is a Pit Bull?

Four breeds commonly identified as pit bulls.

   1. American  Stafford Terrier

2. American Pit Bull Terrier

3. Stafforshire Bull Terrier

                                                                                4. American Bully

Pit Bulls were not always so feared by the media or the public, and in 1914-1918 were deemed “America’s dog” and used in World War I to sell war bonds and recruit for the US military. 

 

Where did this negative image of the Pit Bull come from? 

In 1987, a sports illustrated article was written deeming the Pit Bull a “vicious animal” – citing numerous human attacks, referencing their supposed extreme aggression, and inability to be integrated into society.  Taking any emotions you have about this breed out of the equation – if you look at the actual statistics Pit Bulls are not more dangerous than many other large dog breeds. 

  • – There is no such thing as “locking jaws of pitbulls”.  Pit-Bull jaws are anatomically the same as any other breed of dog.  A study was done that showed the average pit bull jaw exerts 235 pounds per square inch, compared to the average for all dogs which is 320 pounds per square inch. – Peer-reviewed statistics conclude that 72% of dog-bite related fatalities were caused by non-pitbull type breeds and mixed-breeds and only ​28% were attributed to all 4 pitbull-type breeds combined.   
  • Peer-reviewed statistics conclude that 72% of dog-bite related fatalities were caused by non-pitbull type breeds and mixed-breeds and only ​28% were attributed to all 4 pitbull-type breeds combined.   
  • – In 2016 the American Temperament Testing Society found that 87% (out of over 900 dogs) of Pit Bulls passed their temperament test.  This is shockingly higher than many other popular breeds like the Collie (58%), Golden Retriever (85%), or Olde English Sheepdog (77%).

Police departments across the country have begun adopting Pit Bulls to become police dogs, A job normally reserved for German Shepherds. Traditional breeds can cost The Police department up to 15K per dog. Officers have begun scouting local shelters seeking Pit Bulls with potential for adoption and proper training. 

While the influence of genetics on certain aspects of a dog’s personality cannot be denied, deeming an entire group of dogs inherently dangerous is simply unfair. This is directly related to the high numbers of pit bulls being admitted to, and euthanized in animal shelters across the country. These are family oriented, loyal, energetic dogs that with proper exercise and training (like any dog) make wonderful companions.  I urge my clients to be responsible owners, regardless of breed, and consider facts versus fiction when choosing the right dog breed for you and your family.

 

Getting your cat to the vet

Dr. Eisenmann of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital explains how to reduce you cats stress preparing for trips to the veterinarian’s office.

 

Like humans, your cat requires annual trips to the doctor for check- ups and preventative care. However, it can be a challenge getting your furry feline to the veterinarian. Because they associate the carrier and journey with stress, most cats do not like coming to the clinic. There are ways to make the trip to the vet a less traumatic and happier experience for all.

This patient is curious and cautious about approaching the cat carrier.

The most common reason kitties get stressed is that they are comfortable with their surroundings and need time to adjust. Typically, cats see their carrier once a year and associate this with a negative and stressful experience. If the carrier is not something your cat sees on a daily basis, he/she will need time to adjust to the new space. Here are some tips on decreasing stress and enhancing your cat’s overall veterinary experience:

  • Place the carrier in a room your cat spends a lot of time in. Fill the carrier with their bedding, favorite toys, and treats
  • Wipe insides of the carrier with a synthetic pheromone such as Feliway® to add calming effects
  • Be patient! It may take your cat several days or weeks to become familiar and comfortable with her carrier.
  • Positive reinforcement. Reward your cat with treats or affection when he/she approaches the carrier so they know it’s a safe place

Sometimes life gets in the way and we can’t plan ahead. Here are some steps to take if your cat needs to get in her carrier should an unexpected illness or emergency occur:

  • Move slowly. Cats can sense tension and stress. If you are calm and collective, your cat will be as well

    Feliway Products sold at Lone Mountain Animal Hospital

  • Place carrier in small room where there is not a lot of hiding places.
  • Encourage your cat with treats and toys.
  • If you’re still having trouble, you may remove the top portion of the carrier or open the top, and gently place the cat inside.
  • Covering the carrier with a towel and/or spraying carrier with a pheromone can also help reduce stress

 

In cases of multi-cat households, coming home from the veterinarian can be challenging as well. Cats smell different to other cats after being to the vet, which can create some tension in the household. Try bringing the cats to the clinic together, since they will all smell like the clinic, it will decrease tension back home.  Try to leave the cat in the carrier when you first arrive home for a minute or so for the others to sniff and get their bearings. If you sense the tension between the cats or have had previous issues, place the cat in another room for a few hours to a day with food, water, and litter. This will allow the cat to adjust and smell like home again. If all goes well and there is no tension, you can let the cat out of the carrier to go on with her day.

The American Association of Feline Practitioners has a great website regarding cat care as well as tips and information on behavior, preventative care, introductions, adoptions and more.

 

Parvovirus: What all pet parents need to know

Veterinarian Talia Gattenuo of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital in North West Las Vegas explains the causes and symptoms of parvovirus.

Dr. Gattenuo

 

 Preventable, yet potentially fatal!    

You always hear your veterinarian talking about different illnesses that are preventable, but do you know what these viruses can do to your pet?  Parvovirus is one of the most common, sometimes fatal virus that falls into the 100% preventable category.

Parvovirus is a life threatening and often-fatal illness. Once inside the body, the virus targets bone marrow, intestinal cells, fetal cells, and the cells of the lymph system. This virus is so resilient that it can survive freezing temperatures and is resistant to many household cleaners.

Lone Mountain Animal Hospital

parvoviral infection can be picked up ANYWHERE

Parvovirus is extremely contagious..

and enters the body through the mouth. It spreads through contact with stool or saliva from an infected dog. Infected dogs release huge amounts of virus in their stool causing environmental contamination. The virus is durable in the environment because of its genetic makeup, it can be carried on surfaces like shoes, clothing or carpet, and spread rapidly. Parvo is considered universal, meaning that it is present in every environment that is not regularly disinfected and can be transferred by any person, animal, or object that encounters infected feces. 

Newborn puppies don’t make antibodies (proteins that fight infection) so they have no protection against the infection. The Parvo virus incubates in the body for 3-7 days before the puppy appears to be ill. Symptoms of parvovirus include extreme lethargy, vomiting, loss of appetite and diarrhea. The vomiting and diarrhea cause extreme dehydration and lead to death. This is not an illness that only affects puppies, adult dogs that are not vaccinated against parvo can contract the virus as well.

Dogs have an 80% parvo survival rate if hospitalized with early diagnosis. That figure drops to 10% survival rate without veterinary care. Home treatment for parvo is not ideal in comparison to hospitalization as veterinarians have more emergency care tools at their disposal including IV fluids and injectable medications not to mention round the clock professional care for your pet.

Lone Mountain Animal Hospital

Adult dogs who have not been fully vaccinated can contract Parvovirus

What can you do to protect your pet against the parvovirus, VACCINATE! Vaccination is a four-part series for a puppy given at six, eight, twelve and sixteen weeks. It is recommended that owners keep puppies indoors, off the floor at their veterinarian’s office and reduced socialization until their vaccination series is fully complete. Realize that partial vaccination is not enough to ensure that your pet is protected.

It is our hope that pet owners understand the importance of a fully completed vaccine series in relation to their pet’s continued overall wellness.

 

Photo source* Unsplash.com

Firework induced fear & anxiety

  Dr. Lee of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital in Northwest  Las Vegas discusses canine fear of fireworks and how you can help.

By: Mary Lee D.V.M.

More dogs go missing on the Fourth of July than any other holiday. This is because of the fear they experience caused by the explosive sound of fireworks erupting throughout the day and well into the night. The sound can be terrifying for most dogs. Fear of loud noises is a natural response, the noise prompts their nervous systems causing them to panic. Noise aversion is what happens when your dog attempts to our run the sound that’s frightening them. Scared dogs will leap over fences, break through windows  run into traffic and worse. Trying to escape the explosions they end up hurting themselves.

Canine Fear of Fireworks                 

Dogs rely on their senses to understand the world around them. Their sense of hearing is much more developed than human senses. Dogs hear at a frequency of 40-60 kHz while humans hear at a 20-40 kHz. They also have 18 muscles in their ears compared to the 6 in human ears. These muscles allow movement of the ears to amplify sounds.  This is why some of the noises that don’t bother us are frightening for them.

Preparing for the fireworks in advance is beneficial. Play the sound of fireworks at a gradually increasing volume at least a month in advance. This will help your pet get used to the sound so that when the holiday comes the fireworks won’t be such an unexpected and frightening surprise.

Turn up the radio or television to help drown out the noise from outside. Cut off the visual stimulation by closing the blinds or curtains. Home kenneling is also a great idea if you don’t plan to be home, in order to avoid damage to your home and your pet hurting himself.

Lone Mountain Animal Hospital has a variety of options including boarding and anti-anxiety medication for dog owners who deal with a fearful and anxious pet.  Protect your dog this holiday, speak with a veterinarian and discuss your pet’s specific needs.  Schedule an appointment today!

 

*Photo Source Unsplash.com

Holidays and Your Pets, Tips to save a visit to your vet.

HOLIDAYS AND YOUR PETS, Tips to save a visit to your vet.

By:  Veterinarian Dr. Taylor Parker of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital – Las Vegas, Nevada 

Happy Holidays!

Holiday Pet Safety Tips Las Vegas Nevada

Here are a few tips to consider during this holiday season

 Avoid feeding your pets holiday food

–          Most foods are too rich for our pets and can cause vomiting, diarrhea and anorexia.

–          Bones may be present in the turkey or ham; this can be dangerous if ingested and may cause obstructions which may lead to surgery

–          Onions and garlic can lead to anemia in pets

–          Alcohol is NEVER recommended and yeast dough can also lead to alcohol poisoning

 Decorations may be dangerous to pets if ingested or played with

–          Items like tinsel can be swallowed by pets, especially cats and lead to obstruction which my lead to surgery

–          Ornaments made of glass can cut or puncture skin, tongues, etc.

–          Decorations or trees can sometimes encourage urine marking, especially in cats/dogs prone to urine marking in the home

–          Any decorations that require sharp nails, tack, hooks etc. may also lead to injury or ingestion

–          Trees can lead to climbing, which can lead to disaster

–          Lights are great, very pretty, but require electric cords and extension cords, keep pets away from chewing them because it can lead to electrocution

Plants are pretty, but can be toxic when ingested

There are several plant species that we love to keep inside during the holidays, some species include;

–          Poinsettia

–          Holly and Mistletoe

–          Lilies and daffodils

–          Amaryllis

–          Also, watch out for liquid potpourri, this is also toxic when ingested

Guests

We love our family and friends, but they come with their own possible “side effects”

–          Remind guest that feeding your pets table food can be dangerous

–          If any guest use prescription medications be sure they keep them out of reach from your pets

–          Even vitamins can be dangerous if taken in large quantities

–          Guests may accidentally leave open doors or gates, make sure your pet had proper updated tags and microchip

ALWAYS BE PREPARED

ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center

1-888-426-4435

http://www.apcc.aspca.org

Meet Our Staff at Lone Mountain Animal Hospital

By: Lone Mountain Animal Hospital 

Each month we will introduce you to a staff member allowing you to get to know the people who care for your pets.

amberAmber – Receptionist

Amber, a true Las Vegas native,  worked for LMAH in 2007, left our hospital to work on the people side of medicine.  We lured her back in 2011  to the animal world and has been a steady rock in reception ever since.    You might notice Amber always has a smile on her face whether she is talking to you in person or on the phone.  Amber has a household that includes her husband, daughter, 2 dogs Pepita and Estrella, and a bird name Jupiter.

When we asked Amber the following questions she said:

If you had one box for all your stuff, what would you put in it?

Her daughters baby book and family photos

What would you do if you won 50 million dollars:  Buy a new house here and Mexico, travel, adopt 2 kids and more pets, donate to a childrens foundation/orphanage in LaMision, Mexico

Tristan – Veterinary AssistantTristan

Tristan started at Lone Mountain Animal Hospital as a kennel attendant in 2008, he moved to treatment a few years later and has become an even more integral part of our care team. He has quite the sense of humor, which he won a certificate and crown for in 2015 as he was voted most humorous by the staff!

When Tristan was asked the following questions he answered:

If you had box for all your stuff, what would you put in it?

My computer and my Nook

If you won 50 million dollars you would:

Ain’t nobody got no time for that, donate it all to charity!

Maddie – Reception

maddieMaddie left Missouri and headed west with her husband a few years ago and ended up at Lone Mountain Animal Hospital. She not only has her hubby at home, but she also has her Doberman Dexter and Diablo and Velma, her cats. Maddie loves spending time at home and throwing clay on a pottery wheel in her spare time. She is quite the traveler too, she went to Hawaii to meet her new niece and has been to Italy also!

Maddie’s answers to the following questions:

If you had one box for all your stuff what would you put in it? Depends on how big the box is……

What would you do if you won 50 million dollars? Travel, share with family and donate.

Jennifer – Kennel

jen molinaJennifer has lived in Utah and Idaho, but now calls Las Vegas her home. She shares that home with her husband, 2 dogs and her Iguana named Elliot. Jen joined our staff in 2013 and has a great love for taking care of the animals. Her favorite past time is hanging out her her hubby and little four legged family members. We asked Jen what a couple of her pet peeves are and she told us she really did not like bad drivers (she may find a few in Las Vegas) and people who interrupt.

We also asked Jennifer the following questions:

If you had just one box for all your possessions what would you put in it? Hairbrush and lip balm

If you had 50 million dollars I would: Pay off my house/bills, pay off my moms house, buy a house in Utah and donate to an animal shelter.

Michelle – Reception

MIchelleMichelle orginally hales from “The Bronx” New York”. She worked for lmah many years ago when she decided to take some time off to raise her babies. In 2014 Michelle came back into the LMAH family and we are so happy to have her in the reception area with her great smile to greet every client and pet that comes in the door. Michelle still loves her family time and that’s why her favorite thing to do when not at work – spend time with her kids and hubby.

When asked the following questions Michelle answered:

If you had just one box for all your possessions what would you put in it? Photos and items from her family.

If you had 50 million dollars I would: Travel with my family, Pay off my debt, put money into savings.

 

Caren – Licensed Veterinary Technician

 

caren

Caren is originally from California and shares her home with her 2 corgi’s, one tortoise, one hamster and one fish. She attended CSN (College of Southern Nevada) – veterinary technician program where she graduated with honors, just as she did in high school. Caren was originally hired at our sister hospital Craig Road Animal Hospital, but when we needed help she volunteered to join our staff. Caren loves hanging out with her family and enjoys drawing, puzzles, movies and roller coasters.

Caren really does not like people who text and drive, so make sure you follow the road rules around her, although she no longer drivers her first car which was a 95 Pontiac Sunfire. If she finds out you are headed to Australia she may try to tag along, so watch your bags.

When we asked Caren two very important questions she answered as follows:

If you had just one box for all your possessions what would you put in it? cell phone, laptop, photo albums, puzzles (she did say she likes to do puzzles) and favorite horse models.

If you had 50 million dollars I would: Travel the world, buy a house, horses and exotic animals.

 

 

 

Are we loving our pet into obesity?

Janie, an exam room assistant at Lone Mountain Animal Hospital of Las Vegas, talks about personal experience with pet obesity.janie

                              We adopted Prince when he was just four months old. He was the cutest black Labrador retriever I’ve ever laid eyes upon. He was smart too, already potty-trained and understood basic commands by the time we brought him home. Our family loved him and we took him on every family vacation as he was such a wonderful dog. His happy-go-lucky demeanor was contagious. We just loved having him around

Sometimes we showed our love by giving him extra treats. A little chicken here, some chips there. His favorite snack were the little crunchy cheeseballs, which we made sure to share plenty of those. Eventually Prince wouldn’t even bother to wait for a snack from our hands, he was a magician at making food disappear from counter tops and tables.

One day Prince was having diarrhea. He had gotten into a bag of Hershey’s kisses and we took him to see the veterinarian right away. At the age of five, we were told Prince was overweight and needed to lose a minimum of 10 pounds.

Our family led a pretty active lifestyle and we took Prince out for regular exercise, so we didn’t quite understand how he became overweight. You see, Prince didn’t look obese. But we changed his exercise habits and took him out for more runs. But we never changed his diet, and continued to feed him table food. After a few more years of this habit, Prince weighed in at 110 pounds. A few years later, Prince had been diagnosed with cancer. We placed him on palliative care and we were able to have him in our lives for a few more months. But we then had to make one of the most difficult decisions for any pet owner. The day we put him down was the worst day of our lives. He was only 11 years-old. I can’t say that Prince’s cancer was a direct result from his obesity, but I do know that it didn’t help his condition.

When I started working for Lone Mountain Animal Hospital, I was given the opportunity to become an advocate for Hill’s pet nutrition. I became certified in 2015 and I cannot express how much I wish I knew what I know now. The program enhanced my ability to understand, communicate, and advocate proper pet nutrition.

IS YOUR PET OVERWEIGHT?

Obesity effects over 50 percent of the American dog population. Obesity can lead to many different health issues such as arthritis, diabetes, bladder cancer, and heart disease.

A healthy pet will have a tucked abdomen, and you would be able to see his waist when viewed from above. The ribs should also be easily felt.
Your pet may be overweight if he has a sagging stomach, a broad flat back, and you can’t view the waist from above.

WHAT CAN WE DO?

Proper nutrition is essential to optimal health and enhances their quality of life. Depending on the age of your pet, we recommend bringing him in for a wellness exam once a year. The exam will check his heart, lungs, weight, skin, eyes, and give you the opportunity to ask us questions. I always thought Prince looked fine, it wasn’t until we brought him in for an emergency and the doctor weighed him, that we found out he was overweight.

Diets are also specialized for your pet. If you have a dog that is more relaxed and less active, they may not need a high calorie diet. This is why it is important to read the labels. Prince was being fed a high fat diet, which I was unaware of before I really started to take a look at the labels. If your dog has an active life style, skin allergies, or a senior, it is best to ask your veterinarian what is best for your pet.
Snacks and treats are fine to give your pet, they can be one of the best tools used during training. It’s okay to give him a treat or two here and there but it is important to take that into consideration when it comes to feeding time. If he was given a few snacks throughout the day, change his normal four cups a day to three cups. These small changes can really help keep your pet at a nice, healthy weight.

Keeping your pet healthy is a round the clock job. We all love our pets, and we show our affection in many different ways. For Prince, it was by giving him table snacks. Now I show my pets I love them by sharing a well-balanced diet.

Heartworms: What are they and how to prevent them

dr lee new bio photo 2015Veterinarian Mary Lee of Lone Mountain Animal Hospital in North West Las Vegas discusses how heartworms can affect your pet’s health and the importance of prevention

Heartworms do not discriminate.

They can affect any pet in the United States and many other parts of the world. Heartworms can live in dogs, cats, ferrets, and sometimes, even humans. Heartworm cases are found in many urban areas due to coyotes and foxes who are large carriers of the disease.

Heartworm disease can cause long term damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, and arteries. One thing unique to this disease is the negative affect the parasites can have on the health of your pet long after they are gone.

The mosquito is the most common culprit in spreading the disease from one affected animal to the other. Adult female heartworms living in an infected mammal produce tiny baby worms called microfilaria. These microscopic baby worms circulate in the bloodstream and when the mosquito takes its blood meal, these worms are ingested as well. The baby worms then mature into larvae which is the “infective stage” over the span of 10 to 14 days. These larvae are then transferred through the mosquito’s bite wound on the next animal.

It takes six months for the larvae to mature into adults after entering the new host. Adult heartworms can live anywhere from five to seven years in dogs and two to three years in cats. These worms can reach up to 14 inches in length and your pet may show no symptoms until serious disease appears in the heart, lungs, kidney, and liver. By the time the heartworms make themselves known, your pet may be experiencing coughing, lethargy, or fainting spells.

Heartworm may not be as prevalent in Clark County as in southern states, but that doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. According to the Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) 16 positive cases of heartworm have been found out of the 2,708 dogs tested in Clark County. That number may seem miniscule, but when we break it down, that’s 1 out of 169 dogs-60 percent of positive cases of heartworm cases in the state of Nevada are found in Clark County. There are a number of factors that can affect these results such as the lifestyle and region your pet lives in and of course, parasite prevention efforts. Families that take their fur buddy on a trip to nearby states like California increase the risk of him being infected.

Veterinarians suggest to start preventative care for your pet when they are young. Puppies under seven months can start preventative care without a pretest. They should go on monthly preventative life long and annually receive testing after the first year to ensure they are heartworm free.

It is harder to detect heartworm in cats as they are more unlikely to have them. There are a few different methods to test for the disease in cats, and it is best to discuss these options with your local veterinarian. Cats should be tested before starting prevention and then re-tested as the doctor deems fit for your cat. There is no approved treatment for heartworm found in cats which means that prevention can be very important in the health of your pet.

Prevention is easy and less expensive when compared to treatment for a positive result. Annual testing for dogs is necessary, even if he is on year-round prevention. Heartworm medications are highly effective but nothing is guaranteed. If one dose is missed or given late, your dog goes unprotected. The best chance you can give your loved one against this parasite is prevention.